So, here is a task. We need to run some Python script as service with logging to Rsyslog on Fedora. As you may know, Fedora starting from 15 uses systemd which is a replacement for SysVinit and Upstart. With use of it to setup Python service with logging is quite simple. Let’s assume we have this logger function:
from config import DEBUG def logger(message): if DEBUG == 1: print " ", message
Now we need to add systemd config for our service. Put if to /lib/systemd/system/web-py.service.
[Unit] Description=web-py [Service] ExecStart=/usr/local/bin/web-py.py Type=simple User=web Group=web Restart=always StandardOutput=syslog StandardError=syslog SyslogIdentifier=web-py [Install] WantedBy=multi-user.target
systemctl enable web-py.service
Let’s set up Rsyslog to store logs from our service in a way we want:
$template DynaFile,"/var/log/web/%$YEAR%/%$MONTH%/%$DAY%/%PROGRAMNAME%.log" if $programname startswith 'web' then -?DynaFile & ~
First line defines dynamic template DynaFile, the second one is quite self-explanatory. It says Rsyslog: if program name (SyslogIdentifier in our case) starts with ‘web’, then use DynaFile template. And the last (“& ~”) forces Rsyslog not to try to find other matches for this message, otherwise it could be also stored to /var/log/messages, for instance, which is not what we are trying to get. It should be added before other facilities.
Now start our service and restart Rsyslog:
service web-py start service rsyslog restart
Now after your service starts working you should have its logs in files like ‘/var/log/web/2011/12/07/web_py.log’.
[root@playground ~]#tail /var/log/web/2011/12/07/web-py.log 2011-12-07T13:39:18+01:00 playground web-py: 2011-12-07 13:31:54.348987 - +starting web-py on 0.0.0.0:8189... [root@playground ~]#